Keraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat or Keraton Yogyakarta is the official palace of the Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Sultanate which is now located in Yogyakarta City, Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia. Although the sultanate officially became part of the Republic of Indonesia in 1950, this palace building complex still functions as the residence of the sultan and his palace household, which still carry out the sultanate tradition to this day. This palace is now also a tourist attraction in the city of Yogyakarta. Part of the palace complex is a museum that houses various collections belonging to the sultanate, including gifts from European kings, replicas of the palace heirlooms, and gamelan. In terms of building, this palace is one of the best examples of Javanese palace architecture, having luxurious halls and spacious fields and pavilions.

The Yogyakarta Palace was founded by Sultan Hamengku Buwono I a few months after the Giyanti Agreement in 1755. The location of this palace is said to be a former pesanggarahan named Garjitawati. This pesanggrahan is used to rest the funeral procession of the kings of Mataram (Kartasura and Surakarta) who will be buried in Imogiri. Another version states that the location of the palace is a spring, Umbul Pacethokan, which is in the middle of the Beringan forest. Before occupying the Yogyakarta Palace, Sultan Hamengku Buwono I lived in Pesanggrahan Ambar Ketawang which is now part of Gamping District, Sleman Regency.

Physically the palace of the Sultans of Yogyakarta has seven core complexes, namely Siti Hinggil Ler (North Hall), Kamandhungan Ler (North Kamandhungan), Sri Manganti, Kedhaton, Kamagang, Kamandhungan Kidul (South Kamandhungan), and Siti Hinggil Kidul (South Balairung). In addition, the Yogyakarta Palace has various cultural heritages, both in the form of ceremonies and ancient and historic objects. On the other hand, the Yogyakarta Palace is also a customary institution complete with customary stakeholders. Therefore, it is not surprising that philosophical values ​​as well as mythology surround the Yogyakarta Palace. And for this reason, in 1995 the Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Palace Complex was nominated to become a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Source: wikipedia


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