The Batak tribe is one of the various tribes in Indonesia. If in Javanese culture it is known as Primbon, in Batak culture it is called Maniti Ari. What is Maniti ari! Maybe the Batak people in general have heard the term. The meaning of maniti ari is to look for good days and months. Usually done to find a good date to hold a wedding or other big parties. Maniti ari is a present term like weather forecast, but in the style of the Batak calendar.
Looking at the Batak calendar before setting the date for the party, it is perhaps common in some Batak families who still adhere to the tradition. For families who do not understand how to “view” the Batak calendar or do not have a Batak calendar, they may consult “smart people” to choose good days and good months.
The results of Dr Sudung Parlindungan Lumbantobing’s research from a number of Datu in the field of Batak astrology along the West Coast, East Coast, and the interior of the Batak Land, in maniti ari, generally it is suhut or the owner of the party who first determines what month the party is planned to be held. Well, then Datu who is asked for services will check the date and month referred to in the parhalaan (Batak calendar).
There is a calculation system owned by the Datu. In the Batak calendar, the day names differ for 30 days, although with the same base name. For example, the second day of the first week is called suma, the second day of the second week is called suma ni mangadop, the second day of the third week is called suma ni holom, and the second day of the fourth week is called suma ni mate.
The number of months there are 12, namely Sipaha Sada (April), Sipaha Dua (May), Sipaha Tolu (June), Sipaha Opat (July), Sipaha Lima (August), Sipaha Onom (September), Sipaha Pitu (October), Sipaha Walu (November), Sipaha Sia (December), Sipaha Sampulu (January), Li (February), and Hurung (March).
In looking for a good date and month, Datu usually combines Parmesana-12 (explained in the previous article), Panggorda na-pitu or walu (eagle, snake, sparrow, dew, lion, forms, dog, and water), cross-checked with parhalaan (calendar).
“The use of Panggorda Vs Parmesana-12 is not always done, if Datu is sure of his choice of days. If you are not sure, then recheck it with a call. If Parmesana-12 wins, it will still be considered a good day, ”explained Dr. Sudung.
The astrologers and the ancient Batak Datu translated the meaning of parhalaan as follows:
On days or weeks where there is a scorpion’s head and tongs, it signifies the disadvantage of having a big party. Likewise, if there is a sign of the stomach or tail. “And if there is a circle containing a big dot, it should be avoided as a day to marry off a girl / boy,” said Dr. Sudung.
The times and dots (XO) are interpreted as good times to receive money and collect money from other people. Sign H or sign one is called ‘Simonggalonggal’. On the day that the sign is present, it is advisable to avoid entering houses for houses that have recently been built, or are about to be occupied by new residents.
The X sign (kali) means fishing, or if you have a party it is said to be a good time to serve pangupaon with ihan. The two spheres signifying fruit or called Ari Parbuea, are believed to be the right time to plant or hold a wedding party.
The 10 mark (the number one and the blank number), is a sign of alang abyss or half-day. That is, the work done that day was not finished. “So avoid holding commercial negotiations,” said the former expert staff to the Minister of Information again.
A double-edged standing hook and an inverted V sign are usually days that are avoided for activities, because they are believed to bring harm. Likewise, the hala sign (scorpion) breech with a symbol of the western hala (hala breech) is also called unfavorable.
The sign or symbol of the hala to the north is the day the sun dies. Partilaha, meaning that death often occurs. The vibrating voice sign is also a day to avoid, as it means a lot of discordant voices that are pros and cons and opponents.
The little circle is called ari na walu, the eighth day. It is believed that a husband will lose his wife, or vice versa, if he has a party on the day that marks the sign.
The XI (Roman eleven) mark, called ‘ari pangugeuge’, is an unfavorable feast day, but excellent for hunting wild boar. The black box sign is a neutral day, depending on the merits of human intentions and desires.
Dr Sudung further explained that there was not much difference in forecasting between Datu in the interior and Datu on the West and East coasts. However, the arrangement and determination of parhalaan signs and calculations every 30 years (leap years), shifts the use of parhalaans, causing differences in the use of symbols / symbols in the 13 and 12 month parhalaans.
The Batak people living on the West Coast and on the East Coast, apart from using the Batak calendar, are also associated with the development of stars in the sky for their voyages. Come on, get interesting information and add to your insight from Indonesiar.com.