Indonesia is a country that has diversity. One of the diversity that Indonesia has are fabric motifs and historical buildings. One of the historical buildings in Indonesia is Puro Mangkunegaran.
This historic Banginan is located in the middle of the city center of Surakarta. It is not so difficult to identify a large and airy building in the middle of the city, namely Puro Mangkunegaran which is the center of government and residence of Mangkunegoro.
The Duchy which was formed in 1757 through the Salatiga Agreement between R.M. Said, who later had the title K.G.P.A.A Mangkunegoro I and Pakubuwana III, the king of the Surakarta Sunanate, noted some of the actions of modernity that had been present in Nusantara.
Mangkunegaran’s activities in the development of its society can be seen with several massive developments related to the welfare of its people, namely several sugar factories founded by Mangkunegoro IV and also the construction of the Solo Balapan train station whose land belongs to Mangkunegoro itself.
Apart from these two places, the golden era of Puro Mangkunegaran also continued in the era of Mangkunegara VII, which had a lot of revitalization and development in its area. Call it Ponten, which is a means of MCK intended for the community, the construction of Balekambang park, the establishment of a radio station that became the forerunner of Radio Republik Indonesia, the revitalization of the Legi market.
Apart from the buildings and facilities, this form of sultanate modernity also comes in fashion styles, including batik.
Batik that developed at the beginning of the Mataram Empire era, known as Mataraman batik and eventually developed within the walls of the Kasunanan Surakarta Palace – resulted in innovation and creativity within this Kadipaten.
Just like the batik that developed on the walls of the Kasunanan Surakarta, the batik processes in Puro Mangkunegaran were also carried out by women and their courtiers, giving birth to new motifs and patterns.
The motives that develop are also very dynamic. The combination of buketan motifs combined with classic standard styles and Javanese sogan coloring, produces beautiful new works. Call it some motifs such as Candi Luhur, Grageh Waluh, or the Pakis motif which is a must-have batik for all Mangkunegaran relatives.
Then what about the prohibited batik motif? Is there a particular motive that cannot be used by other people? Of course, like the Surakarta Sunanate, Yogyakarta Sultanate, and Puro Pakualaman, the batik parang motif is a forbidden batik motif that can only be worn by the Adipati and his family, this cannot be separated from the history of the establishment of the Mataram Empire itself.
Surakarta and Yogyakarta as the successors of the Mataram Empire have arguably the main views in the development of batik. Batik houses with all interesting patterns and motifs add to the mysterious side of batik that needs to be uncovered.
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