Indonesia has a variety of ethnic groups and cultures. Batak is one of the original Indonesian ethnic groups originating from the province of North Sumatra. The Batak tribe has a strong kinship and philosophy in carrying out life wherever they are.

The Batak people have a philosophy, principles as well as structures and systems in their society, namely what in Batak Toba is called Dalihan na Tolu. The following is the mention of Dalihan Natolu according to the six Batak clans

1. Dalihan Na Tolu (Toba) consists of:

Somba Marhula-hula

Manat Mardongan Tubu

Elek Marboru

2. Dalian Na Tolu (Mandailing and Angkola) consists of:

Hormat Marmora

Manat Markahanggi

Elek Maranak Boru

3. Tolu Sahundulan (Simalungun) consists of:

Martondong Ningon Yours, Arrogant

Marsanina Ningon Pakkei, Manat

Marboru Ningon Elek, Pakkei

4. Rakut Sitelu (Karo) consists of:

Nembah Man Kalimbubu

Mehamat Man Sembuyak

Nami-nami Man Anak Beru

5. Daliken Sitelu (Pakpak) consists of:

Worship Mercula-kula

Manat Merdengan Body

Elek Marberru

Hulahula / Mora is the wife’s family side. These hulas occupy the most respected positions in Batak society and customs (all Batak sub-tribes) so that all Batak people are ordered to respect the Hulahula (Somba marhula-hula).

Dongan Tubu / Hahanggi also known as Dongan Sabutuha is the brother of one clan. The literal meaning is born from the same stomach. They are like trunks of trees close to each other, supporting each other, although because they are so close they sometimes rub against each other. However, disputes do not separate clan relations. It is likened to water being split with a knife, although it is split, it remains united. However, all Batak people (with Batak culture) are ordered to be wise to their fellow clans. It is termed, manat mardongan tubu.

Boru / Anak Boru is a family party who takes a wife from one clan (another family). This boru occupies the lowest position as ‘parhobas’ or servants, both in daily interactions and (especially) in every traditional ceremony. However, even though it functions as a servant, it does not mean it can be treated arbitrarily. But the boru must be taken in, persuaded, termed: Elek marboru.

However, that does not mean that there is a caste in the Batak kinship system. The Dalihan na Tolu kinship system is contextual. According to the context, all Batak people must have been Hulahula, also as Dongan Tubu, as well as Boru. So everyone must put his position contextually.

So that in the kinship system, all Batak people must behave ‘kings’. The king in the Batak kinship system does not mean a person in power, but a person who behaves well according to the manners in the Batak kinship system. So in every customary discussion he is always called Raja ni Hulahula, Raja ni Dongan Tubu and Raja ni Boru.

hopefully it can help increase your insight about one of the tribes in Indonesia. Come on, get interesting information from and stay healthy during this COVID-19 pandemic.


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