Indonesia is a country that has diversity of ethnicities, cultures and customs. Many cultures exist in one country of Indonesia and one of them is the culture of South Sulawesi. Where in areas that are still included in the group of Sulawesi island regions, you can add more than 10 kinds of culture. What are the 10 kinds of culture in South Sulawesi? Here are some of them.
Kinds of Culture of South Sulawesi
Language is one of the unifier of the nation which is also a means of communicating between fellow citizens. So in South Sulawesi, the local language used is Bugis (Ugi language). Where this language is the native language of the Bugis people. Several words or dialects included in the Bugis language include Pangkep, Bone, Camba, Sidrap, Wajo, Sinjai, Sawitto, Barru, Lawu and many others. Meanwhile, the Makassar tribe uses the local language Mangasara (Mangasarak) which reaches the distribution of areas in Gowa, Pangkep, Maros, Jeneponto, Takalar, Bantaeng, and Makassar.
For the Mangasara language itself has several ways of pronouncing or dialects, such as the Gowa dialect (Gwa, Lakiung). Mars, Pangkep, and Turatea (Jeneponto). Even this regional language is formed from several sub-languages, namely bentong, mountain konjo (kajang), selayar, and coastal konjo. Then for the Toraja tribe itself uses the Toraja language which consists of several sub-languages such as Toala ‘, Tae’ and Torajasa ‘dan. The language Tae ‘is used in the Masamba area to the southern tip of Luwu Utaa, while the Torajasa’ language is used for Tana Toraja and parts of northern Luwu.
South Sulawesi traditional house
Apart from language, region, another kind of culture in South Sulawesi that is no less famous is its distinctive architecture. Where the traditional architecture of South Sulawesi is shown in the form of traditional houses. The name of the traditional house of the Toraja tribe is Tongkonan which means the meeting hall. According to Torajan beliefs, there is a close relationship between the tongkonan, humans and the earth.
Therefore, the time and method of building this traditional house must also be in accordance with the rules that have been adjusted to the teachings of aluk todolo. As for the traditional houses of the Bugis and Makassar tribes themselves, they are called Bola and Balla. These two traditional houses have similarities in terms of shape, namely in the form of a house on stilts that has under the house. In addition to the 3 names of traditional houses, South Sulawesi also has other traditional houses that are no less unique, such as the attake, Bola Soba, the Kajang tribe and so on.
Traditional Clothing of South Sulawesi
For the Bugis tribe, the traditional clothes worn by boys are tope, songkok pute passapu, lopasabbe, pakambang and waju kasa. Whereas for women, among others consist of tope, jempang, waju poncho / waju pella0pella, lipa’sabbe, waju bella dada. Then for the Toraja people use pio, pokko clothes ‘, seppa’, sambu and toraya bayu for daily clothes. And for ceremonial clothes using passapu ‘. Bayu Toraya, and Salembang.
Then for the Makassar tribe use salawik, lipa ‘, lipa’sabbe, passapu, and teacher’s songkok, while the women wear jempang, salawik, lipa’, rawang clothes, and lipa’sabbe. Clothes for men wear lipa’sabbe, teacher’s songkok, and jase tutu, while for adult women wear bodo clothes and lipa’sabbe as everyday clothes. As well as songkok gaduk, songkok biring, while the girls wear waju assusun. For adult men, men wear lipa’sabbe, jase tutu, and teacher’s songkok, while women wear rawang clothes, waju gauze, lipa’sabbe for ceremonial clothing.
In addition, South Sulawesi has various tribes that inhabit the area such as the Bugis, Makassar, Mandar, Toraja, Duri, Pattinjo, Bone, Maiwa, Endekan, Pattae, Kajang / Konjo tribes.
South Sulawesi dance
South Sulawesi province has several traditional dances such as Pakarena, Pasere Pitupitu, Masselung Tana, Marumatang, Pajoge, Pamanca, Pajaga Andi, Paraga, Mappuka, Ganrang Bulo, Paolle, Maddogi, Kipas, Galaganjur, Salonreng, Paddupa, Bossara, Padendang and Pattenung who came from the Bugis tribe.
While the traditional dances from South Sulawesi originating from the Toraja tribe are Ma’gellu, Ma’papangngan, Daun Bulan, Burake, Ma ‘dandan, Manganda’, Manimbong, Pa’bondesan, Ma’bandong, Memanna, Ma’katia, Ma ‘ paranding.
As one of the cultures of South Sulawesi that is incorporated in traditional arts, traditional dances have very important functions and roles. Where generally every traditional dance has its own meaning relating to the origin of the dance creation or related to the purpose of the dance creation.
Still in a traditional arts group, this time South Sulawesi performed several traditional music that had a unique and distinctive sound. Like mappadendang, which is a musical instrument consisting of a pestle and lesng. Jajakkang is a musical instrument made from the district. Gowa is a musical instrument consisting of buttons, bulo, bacing, and the Toriolo orchestra or the old Makassar orchestra. As for the Kajang tribe, the Basing-Basing ethnic group, and the Toraja tribe, have musical instruments such as Passuling, Pa’pelle / Pabarrung, Pa’bas or Pa’pompang, Pa’karombi, Pa’geso’geso, Gendang, and Pa’tulali. .
When visiting South Sulawesi you will easily find a variety of high quality folk handicrafts. Starting from the silk weaving called lipa ‘sengkang, penisi boat, toraja carving, and so on.
For the silk woven fabric itself has several distinctive features such as cure’rnni, cure’lobang, cure’subbi and cure’bombang. Then for the penis boat itself is quite unique, that is, without using sketches or pictures. And usually the boat builders are only those who have inherited this expertise from generation to generation. Then for other South Sulawesi culture, namely Toraja carving, you can find it in various forms. Ranging from wood carvings on exterior and interior decorations to various crafts and other properties.
In every region, almost all of them have special rituals to celebrate or commemorate something. This includes South Sulawesi, which among others has several traditional rituals such as Annyampa ‘sanro and a’bayu minnya’ which are owned by the Makassar tribe. Meanwhile, the Bugis themselves have traditional ceremonies with the names makkatenni sanro, mappanre to indeng, and maccera wettang. And Rambu Solo ‘, Mapasilaga tedong, Sisemba, etc. are owned by the Toraja tribe.
In ancient times, each tribe always waged wars for the sake of gaining a large area of power. Therefore, each tribe generally has traditional weapons which currently include regional culture. The Bugis and Makassar tribes themselves have traditional weapons in the form of a keris, each of which has the names gencong, tappi, sambang and kaleo. In addition, the Bugis and Makasar people also have a traditional weapon in the form of a badik, which is a sharp iron blade with a sharp tip.
One more kind of South Sulawesi culture that you should not miss, namely its special food. So, some of the typical foods that you can enjoy when visiting Makassar include Coto Makassar, Konro soup, EPE banana, and Palubuntung ice. In addition, you can also enjoy grilled fish, barongko, horse coto, nyuknyang, burasa, limestone, dange, and patollo pammarasan. In South Sulawsi.
One of the cultures which is also the biggest attraction of an area is a tourist spot. For South Sulawesi itself, you can say that it has such a complete range of tourist objects, ranging from mountain tourism, artificial tourism, historical tourism and various other interesting tourist objects. Come on, get interesting information from Indonesiar.com and share interesting articles from us with everyone.